Тем временем, пока некоторые распахнули
ворота в АД и устроили тут филиал газы
Я представлю любителям повздыхать на немецкое оружие и американскую армию вот такой забавный документик составленный в Абердине, есть такое место в США
Собственно речь пойдет про МГ-34.
Problems encountered during the test.
During the early phases of the test a lack of sufficient power was noted due to 41 short recoils in the first 60 rounds fired. The short cycling resulted in failures to feed and eject. After several attempts at replacing various parts, it was necessary to disassemble the ammunition from the belts and remove all of the fine sand and debris from the ammunition and belts. After cleaning the weapon functioned in a satisfactory manner. An interesting note was during testing at Aberdeen, the MG 34 was subjected to Ordnance’s standard artificial sand test with no major problems encountered. Further investigation revealed that the sand present on the weapon and ammunition was from the Middle East and had a very fine consistency and was nearly invisible to the naked eye.
The general functioning is excellent, but the weapon is critical to proper adjustment, lubrication and foreign matter. The weapon was originally fitted with a booster having a .420-inch diameter. A new muzzle booster was made with a .350 and .380-inch diameters. With the clean ammunition and the .350-inch booster the weapon functioned well. The semiautomatic trigger would not function correctly, double and triple shots were common when attempting to fire the machine gun semi-automatically.
The accuracy of the German MG 34 during automatic fire is poor, this is due in part to the recoil and shock to the gunner’s shoulder. Its rate of automatic fire is far to high for a weapon of this type. The stability is good due to the point of support being a direct prolongation of the bore.
The weapon’s resistance to heat is very good.
The ability to rapidly change the barrel was excellent. German manuals state that a maximum of 250 rounds of continuous fire requires a barrel change. However, German prisoners of war have stated that up to 400 rounds could be fired during an emergency situation before changing out the barrel.
Краткий перевод : Задержки в стрельбе вызванные неполным откатом подвижных частей, срыв на очередь при стрельбе с одиночного положения, высокая требовательность к смазке и чистоте патронов...
зуб дают, что ствол нормально держит 400 выстрелов подряд, а не как написано в наставлении 250
Стандартное загрязнение, для него не проблема, но вот Африканский песок, адский ад...
Там еще что-то про усилитель отката, но это без меня переводите
Совсем интересным является вывод Абердинского полигона
Conclusions of the U.S. Ordnance Department Testing
Results of the testing concluded that the MG 34 is simple, easy to disassemble in the field, however it would be difficult to manufacture on a mass production basis.
The general functioning is quite good, but is extremely critical to adjustment, lubrication and foreign matter.
The performance of the MG 34 during the dust test was considered poor; functioning in extreme cold was poor. Full-automatic performance is poor due to the recoil and shock to the gunner’s shoulder. Its rate of fire is too high for a light machine gun. The ease of changing out a hot barrel is excellent. The belt lift is good.
In general the German MG 34 is neither adaptable to American manufacturing methods due to the critical tolerance of its parts, or to the American soldier due to its inaccuracy.
Все классно-колбасно, но есть проблемка. Загрязнение и низкие температуры снижают работоспособность пулемета, стрельба очередями малоэффективна по причине излишнего темпа огня. Производить не будем ибо очень сложно, для нашего производства и точно нашим балбесам давать нельзя.
Особенно меня порадовал вот этот момент
Noted during the test was that most of the motion of the weapon during firing was in a horizontal plane.
Noted during the test was that most of the motion of the weapon during firing was in a horizontal plane. The jarring of the gunner’s head during firing made aiming difficult. Motion in the vertical plane was small, due to the point of support being in a direct line with the bore. The moment of forces acting on the muzzle are close to zero with little tendency to rise. This characteristic has been recently investigated at the Proving Ground with a Thompson submachine gun, using an improvised straight-line buttstock. The results of this testing bear out that the most efficient position of the stock is directly in line with the bore.
Если кратко, пулемет колбасит в горизонтальной плоскости так, что прицеливание становиться затрудненно по причине сотрясания головы пулеметчика...
Взято тут http://www.smallarmsreview.com/display. … icles=1685
Отредактировано KalinushkinPV (07-03-2017 09:32:48)